Just in case you want to know where my love of Brutalism comes from, you can read my story at www.bioniciconic.com just click on Blog.
The Odessa Catacombs are a network of tunnels under Odessa, Ukraine and its surrounding region, that are mostly the result of stone mining, at first, and then smuggling. The Catacombs are on three levels and reach a depth of 60 metres below sea level. It is one of the world's largest labyrinth running up to 2,500 kilometers.
In the 19th-century, most houses in Odessa were built of limestone that was mined nearby. These mines were abandoned and later used, and widened, by local smugglers, creating a labyrinth of underground tunnels beneath Odessa.
The first underground stone mines started to appear in the 19th century, while vigorous construction took place in Odessa. They were used as a source of cheap construction materials. Limestone was cut using saws, and mining became so intensive that by the second half of the 19th century, the extensive network of catacombs created many inconveniences to the city.
After the Russian Revolution of 1917, stone mining was banned within the central part of Odessa (inside the Porto-Franko zone, bounded by Old Port Franko and Panteleymonovskaya streets). During World War II the catacombs served as a hiding place for Soviet partisans, in particular the squad of V.A. Molodtsev. In his work The Waves of The Black Sea, Valentin Kataev described the battle between Soviet partisans against the axis forces, underneath Odessa and its nearby suburb Usatovo.
#catacombs #odessa #ukraine #streetphotography # #architecture #city #cccp #partisan #partizan #photooftheday #history #natgeotravel #natgeoru #natgeoyourshot #thephotosociety #thephotographersgallery #aroundtheworld #travelphotography #magmadergisi #ctctravel #travelphotography #severekcekiyoruz #objektifimdenyansıyanlar #objektifimden #kadraj_arkasi #kadrajturkiye #turkobjektif #1dakika #bir_dakika #nerubayskoe
We were up into the small hours last night, catching up with family in the city, hit the pavement first thing this morning for matcha (sister-in-law is too cool for coffee these days) and the shops. This afternoon is for relaxing on the roof with any cold wine we can scrounge.
Wilson Barn at night, designed by @smithdish .